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PA Law Modernization in Wisconsin
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What is WAPA trying to accomplish?

WAPA's goal is to ensure that the PA profession is prepared to meet Wisconsin's ongoing healthcare access needs and to protect our collaborative relationship with our physician partners in today's changing healthcare market. We are looking to do what is right for Wisconsin's healthcare needs by proposing common sense solutions to struggles that administrators, PAs, and our physician partners face daily due to outdated practice laws that don't match today's clinical reality. We want to see decisions about how healthcare is provided moved back to the practice level so that PA and physician teams can remain flexible enough to respond to local health care needs. 


What are some of the practice barriers PAs are considering and why?

The changes that Wisconsin PAs are considering have already been enacted in other states or have been adopted by the Veterans Administration and the Uniformed Services. Last session, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana enacted modernization provisions.

Below is a summary of the goals of the CARES (Collaboration And Rural Expansion of Services) Act:

Update Physician/PA relationship from “supervision” to “collaboration”

·       More accurate description of current practice, would not change day-to-day practice

·       Eliminates many current administrative burdens that do not increase patient safety

·       Parity with NPs in Wisconsin

Eliminate language that implies physician liability for PA care

·       Ensure that the physician/PA relationship is sustainable into the future

·       Has been cited as reason NPs are hired preferentially over PAs in some areas

Scope of practice determined by PA’s individual education, training, and experience

·       Ensures PAs can continue to provide the care they are trained to give despite changes in coworkers

·       Continue to use established practices such as credentialing and privileging in determining scope

Eliminate ratio requirements to increase flexibility at practice level

·      Allows more PAs to move into traditionally underserved areas of WI

·      Ratio has not been demonstrated to improve patient safety, arbitrary number

·      Allows these decisions to be made by those who know their staff best

·      Parity with NP practice

Authorize PAs to participate in disaster/volunteer activities without specific physician collaboration but within a PA’s scope

·      Allows WI to maximize its use of highly trained health professions in these settings

·      Removes delays in care due to paperwork

Allow PAs to self-govern their profession

·      Update the relationship with WI Medical Examining Board

·      Ensures that those most knowledgeable about the profession are involved in its regulation

·      Prevents ongoing stagnation of laws/regulations of the profession

·      Parity with other health care professions including NPs, PT/OT, pharmacists, others

Allow PAs to be self-employed

·      Self-employment is not synonymous with independence.

·      A collaborative relationship would be maintained

Title change from Physician Assistant to Physician Associate

·      Represents a return to the title established at the birth of our profession

·      Eliminates the pejorative descriptor which does not accurately reflect PA practice

Allow recognition of federal supremacy for PAs employed by the VA and Uniformed Services

·      Eliminates conflict between State law and Federal prescribing authority

Direct reimbursement by third party payors (except Medicare)

·      PAs are the only health care profession not uniformly reimbursed by third party payors

·      Cited as reason for PAs not being allowed to manage their own panel of patients

·      Cited as reason for preferentially hiring NPs

 AAPA is currently working towards direct reimbursement for PAs under Medicare

What are PAs not considering?

PAs practice on a healthcare team and value their relationship with physicians. Wisconsin PAs are not seeking independent practice. PAs value their physician partners and want to be part of the solution to the provider shortage. WAPA believes that WI will be in a better position to attract the Physicians it needs if it's Advanced Practice workforce is working to the top of license and creating an environment where Physicians have the PArtners in care that they need. 

Wisconsin PAs are not pursuing mandates on providers, plans or healthcare organizations (like hospitals).   In fact PAs believe that decision-making should be made at the practice setting.

How are PAs looking to solve the provider shortage problem?

An August 2016 report from the Wisconsin Council on Medical Education and Workforce (WCMEW) warns that Wisconsin may face a shortage of more than 2,000 physicians by 2030.   PAs like other healthcare professionals are concerned with this and other healthcare provider shortages - especially in rural areas of the state.

PAs believe that laws governing PAs should be evidenced-based, allow PAs to practice up to the appropriate limits of their training and educations, and don’t undermine the ability of PAs to provide the services they are qualified to provide, particularly in rural Wisconsin.

Enacting best practices and updating Wisconsin law has the potential to:

  • Increase patient access to care;
  • Decrease costs and burdens on Wisconsin’s healthcare system; and
  • Eliminate barriers for PAs to provide service in rural and other underserved areas.

Many current PA laws were created in the 1960s and 1970s when the PA profession was created to address healthcare shortages - especially in rural areas. Many studies demonstrate that PAs provide high-quality care and that PAs are a safe provider. PAs have an extremely low medical malpractice rate and discipline rate.


Where are PAs in the process?

WAPA (Wisconsin Academy of PAs) began by surveying PAs asking what challenges they face and what changes they support pursuing.

Since then, WAPA  has been reaching out to stakeholders such as groups that represent providers and healthcare systems as well as public policymakers for feedback and advice on solutions to meet the healthcare shortage - especially in the rural areas of the state.

Based on that feedback, WAPA will continue  working with members of the Wisconsin legislature to draft legislation and engage in formal discussions with stakeholders to reach a consensus.


What can PAs do?

This is one of the largest modernization efforts of a state PA law. Building an effective coalition will be critical. PAs should:

  • Introduce themselves to their legislators and invite them to tour their practice setting.
  • Ask their physician colleagues for feedback and advice on the barriers and solutions PAs are considering - encourage them to contact their professional organizations to express their concerns.
  • Encourage their employer to support eliminating practice barriers by contacting their professional organization and encouraging active support.


Have feedback?

WAPA is dedicated to a collaborative process for PA law modernization and we welcome any and all feedback! Please contact us today at: 

Want More Info?

Please check out our resources page.